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ARTISTIC ACHIEVEMENTS

The arts flourished during the Mughal period, which was one of the greatest eras of Indian art and architecture, evolving a new style that incorporated much Persian influence. The most prominent achievements were in architecture, manuscript illustration, and painting. Mughal architecture is most noted for the magnificence of the Taj Mahal, built under the rule of Shah Jahan. Other important structures include the forts at Āgra and Delhi, the Jami Masjid (Great Mosque) in Fatehpur Sikri, and the tombs of Akbar and Humayun. The singular balance of design and intricacy, and the beauty of the detailed decorative work, make these structures some of the finest buildings ever created. The most highly developed aspect of Mughal art is found in illuminated manuscripts, illustrating secular works. Mughal painting focused on miniatures of courtly subjects and studies from nature. Decorative arts, including inlay work, painted glassware, and carpets of distinctive design, were also produced during this period. The music of north India was enriched by Persian influence combined with indigenous development.